Tombs of the Fatimids in Aswan


Aswan was located in front of the Nubia museum in Aswan. It used to extend from the Anani area, located in the tunnel area. It extends south to the reservoir road. A road was paved as a result of the urban expansion and overcrowding until it became divided into two areas: , And it is possible that this cowardice contains the remains of companions and followers of the people called the name of the cemetery of the righteous or cowardice blessed, and visit them on occasions, holidays and celebrations to be blessed by

Its history

The history of the Fatimid tombs dates back to the beginning of the first century AH and the middle of the 6th century. Evidence of this is found on the oldest Muslim tombstone of the sandstone currently preserved in the Museum of Islamic Art in Cairo, dated 31 Hijri, in the name of Abdul Rahman Al-Hijazi, It is worth mentioning the distinction between the Fatimid cemetery and the Fatimid domes, since the history of the cemetery is due to the opening of Arab Muslims in Egypt, because they were sent to the south to secure the borders of Egypt and was repelled by attacks by the Christian Nuba tribes before entering Islam, As fierce between the two parties cited the impact of some Muslims and martyrs were buried in their places, and successively after the burial due to the sanctity of the place

Its importance

It is one of the most important traces of Islamic history in Egypt, where there are the tombs of the Bekaa (since it is considered the second Baqi after the fall of the Medina in Saudi Arabia because it contains the remains of the bodies of the companions and followers and parents, where there is the oldest tomb tomb in Albjbana and it dates back to the year 31 Hijra The history of the Fatimid cemetery is due to the opening of the Arabs of Egypt and sending them to secure the borders of southern Egypt at the borders of Aswan, so as to repel the attacks of the Christian Nubian tribes before entering Islam where there were battles of both sides in the region The martyrs were buried in N The area of ​​their death, and the most important characteristic of the domes characteristic of them, in addition to contain the symbolic graves of the companions.

It is called the Fatimid tribe because of the many Fatimid domes dating back to the Fatimid period. It is built on the Shiite sect where domes were placed above the tombs of their dead according to the Shiite doctrine. Unlike the domes, their tombs are characterized by the existence of various contracts and pivotal doors

Design of graves

The tombs of the Fatimids there are divided into 55 Dome and the tombs are divided into:

First: the flat flat tile with a straight edge and its function of turning the square into an octagon until it holds the octagonal dome which is carrying the dome cap which contains windows

Second: the horizontal horizontal tile with a curved edge and its function of turning the square into a circle until it is topped by a round neck that holds the dome.
Thirdly, the inverted pyramid triangle is responsible for turning the square into an octagon so that the octagonal dome of the dome rises above it

Fourth: the spherical triangle which turns the square into a circle so that a cylindrical neck rises above it and joins with the circle of the dome above it

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