Travel & Tourism to France
France is a constitutional republic with a central and parliamentary system with a population of sixty-six million. The capital of France is known as Paris. The official language of France is French. Their currency is the euro. Its flag consists of three vertically arranged colors: blue, white and red. France is a very old country. Dating back to the Middle Ages
It was one of the founding colonial empires of the European Union and one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council. It is also a member of NATO, the World Trade Organization, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and the Latin Union.
Why was France named by that name?
The name of France is derived from the word Frank, meaning Franjis and the Franks, a Germanic people who came from the North to reside in France and used this name after the fall of Rome until the Middle Ages. When Hugh Capit became king of the Franks, it was called the Kingdom of France.
Official language in France
Is the French language according to the constitutional law, which was issued in the year nineteen ninety two, and it follows the active and effective ways to spread the language in many countries of the world in addition to being a colonial state in the nineteenth century, which made the countries that have benefited French
Religion in France
France considers religion to be a freedom and a constitutional right. It is a secular state that separates religion from the state, but the majority of its population follows Catholic Christianity. The second category does not follow a religion with a Muslim minority in addition to some Jews, the Prostans and the Buddhists.
Climate of France
France generally has a temperate climate but is different in some coastal areas. The Mediterranean coastline is characterized by its subtropical climate. The Atlantic Ocean climate is characterized by moderation due to atmospheric currents from the ocean. Its inland regions are characterized by extreme cold in winter and extreme heat in summer, In October and January.
Location and borders of France
The European part of France is located in the western part of Europe and is surrounded by the north of the North Sea and from the north west by the Sea of Mach, from the west by the Atlantic Ocean and from the south-east by the Mediterranean and from the north-east by Belgium and Luxembourg by the east by Germany and Switzerland by the southeast by Italy and Monaco by the south-west by Spain and Andorra
As for the natural borders, the Pyrenees, the Alps and the Joura range are located on the south and east. The eastern border is on the Rhine. The other border is natural. France has a land border with Brazil and Suriname in Guyana as well as the Netherlands through the French side of Saint Martin. The main area is 675000 km². The other regions have an area of 30904 km². The length of its coastline is 8245. It occupies 42nd place in the ranking of the largest countries in the world and the third largest European country after Russia, Germany and the largest country in the European Union.
Nature in France
France has vast areas of scenic landscapes: wooded plains, mountain ranges, valleys and coastal lines. It is a country that combines the city with attractive nature, with a high percentage of biodiversity outside it, such as rainforests in the Guiana region or the lakes of Caledonia, Including forests where forests make up 28% of the country.
Culture in France
France has been a home of art, civilization and culture together. It has been able to excel over the last few centuries. After that, Western culture has become very concentrated. France has also produced famous artists, which has stimulated the prosperity of the cultural aspect. It is the attention of the political systems under which France lived for centuries. Technical support and encouragement
What is more important is the establishment of the Culture Government in order to interest the heritage and preserve it from loss and to enable the French citizen and tourist to know about them and to know them closely. The most important activities of the French governments in the cultural and artistic aspects are the subsidies provided to their artists and the promotion of festivals and their support and participation in international festivals. As well as the importance and preservation of historical monuments.
Tourism in France
Disneyland Paris is one of the most popular areas and is visited by about 15 million tourists. The second French tourist destination is the French Riviera, located in the south-east of the country. It includes coasts and beaches covering one hundred and fifteen kilometers. There are also three thousand restaurants, fourteen ski hotels, Golf Course The third destination in the lagoons is the Loire Valley. It is part of the world architectural heritage and houses several ferries, such as the de la Fontaine de Château and Chinonso. The most important monuments in France are worth visiting:
The Louvre Museum is the world's most important art museum and is the world's largest art gallery. It also reviews what was seized and stolen during the French campaign against Egypt. The museum is located in the capital Paris on the north of the Seine.
Musée d'Orsay: This museum is located opposite the Louvre Museum on the opposite bank of the Seine and features a huge number of French works of art, most notably paintings of impressionist art and rare pieces.
Palace of Versailles: The history of this palace and its construction dates back to the reign of Louis XIII, which was built in the province of Versailles, which is between Paris and the capital about twenty-five kilometers and is one of the most important royal palaces.
The Eiffel Tower: This tower is a symbol of Paris and the first tourist destination in France and reaches a height of about three hundred and twenty-four meters and attracts six million tourists annually.
And also: the Arc de Triomphe and the Luxor, the Fountain of the Place de la Concorde and the famous statues, the most important of which is the Ferrous statue of Henri IV, the Balfour dam and the Marley horses.
The most famous cities of France
City of Paris
The city of Paris is known as the capital of the French beauty on the Seine and the Sea of Manche, under which we find a tunnel between the cities of England and France and this tunnel speeds up the movement between the two cities and this city is the largest city of France and its capital is about 105.4 about 2 and its population reaches about 2.243 million With a population of 12 million. The city of Paris is divided into several constituencies of 20 departments. Each constituency is divided into four districts. Each district is headed by the mayor. The city also contains two islands, the island of La Cite and the island of St. Louis .
Landmarks of Paris
The charming city of Paris has a variety of theaters, museums and monuments built over the centuries, including the Louvre, the Eiffel Tower and the Versailles Palace. Paris is one of the largest centers of art in the world. It has many museums with paintings of the world's most famous artists. On several landmarks that enchant people with its beauty and its magnificent view
Cannes is known as one of the most important tourist and artistic destinations in the French state due to the Cannes Film Festival, which takes place in May of each year and attracts a large number of visitors who are eager to get to follow this festival, which honors artists and filmmakers in the world and hosts In addition to the Cannes Film Festival, Cannes has hosted several international festivals and exhibitions such as the annual Advertising Festival, known as the Asad Cannes, the MIPIM Real Estate Show in March and the MIDEM Music Industry Fair.
Famous sights of Cannes
The Old City: It is perhaps the most famous landmarks and the oldest in the city of Cannes, which mimics the heritage of the country since ancient times and characterized by the splendor of architecture and aesthetics and frequent tourist restaurants.
Carlton Palace: This city contains a number of ancient palaces, which is one of the most important features and oldest. This palace was built between the years of one thousand nine hundred and nine and one thousand and nine hundred and thirteen by Henry Roll, which in itself is a landmark landmark throughout the world.
Festival Palace: Cannes and other film and television festivals are held
Port Yacht Yacht: It is located close to the Palais des Festivals which is also well known.
Antibes Street: one of the most important markets in the city and the best Crozite street located in the Corniche, which is parallel to the sea coast in the city and is also a landmark of the city where it combines most of the most prestigious hotels and hotels such as Carlton Hotel and also the Majestic hotel as well as the Hilton and many other hotels and The lavish restaurants are meant for the rich world.
French city of Lyon
The French city of Lyon is the most important fashion city in the world where the silk industry flourishes. To this end, the silk-making workshops are spread and the headquarters of INTERPOL, the capital of the province of Rhone, is divided into nine districts. The old city of Vieux Lyon is considered one of the most important heritage sites According to UNESCO, the oldest archaeological site dating back to the Roman civilization after Rome, especially the famous Terriux Square with its statues and fountains, and the title of Lyon in the city of Mesopotamia to meet the rivers Rhone and Sun together.
Top landmarks of Lyon
The Old City of Lyon is one of the most important monuments in France. It includes many mosques such as the Grand Mosque, the Huda Mosque, the Center for Cultural Monotheism and others. It also includes several cathedrals, including the Cathedral of John the Baptist and Basilica Notre Dame, which dates back to the 19th century. It is an architectural masterpiece and an opera house that attracts many visitors and organizes musical and lyrical performances from around the world and the Roman theater
There are also many museums that are rich in antiques and precious objects such as weapons, ornaments and coins. These museums include the Museum of Roman Civilization and the Museum of Fine Arts, which displays paintings by the world's most famous artists and painters.
City of Marseille
Marseille is the second city in France after the capital Paris and the third largest in terms of population, after the cities of Paris Lyon and located Marseille on the southern coast of France and on the northern coast of the Mediterranean and is already the most important seaport in France and Marseille is one of the most important Mediterranean ports
And it plays a major role in promoting tourism in France. This role has become even more important after Marseille was crowned the capital of European culture in the year 2013 M to be one of the most important tourist cities of France with its cultural, historical and tourist attractions attract thousands of tourists to come every year to see The fact of tourism is magnificence in France especially in this charming city.
Effects of Marseille
The city of Marseilles (the bride of the south-south coast) is characterized by a huge architectural diversity that is clearly visible to the viewer. This is evident between the historical and historical buildings and the city's modern urban renaissance through the large buildings that are newly built and dominating its modern streets, Marseille has a beautiful and distinctive garden and made it one of the most important tourist cities in France. For example, Marseille boasts a Mediterranean villa building that adorns its southern coast and boasts its historic buildings,
These buildings include Fort Saint John's, the Cathedral of De la Migoron, the Chilloux building and many of these historic buildings. Marseille has an area of about three kilometers, which is full of historical buildings, museums and public libraries. French tourist and the jewel of the South French coast to become the capital of European culture for the year 2013 m.
City of Strasbourg
French The city of Strasbourg was founded as a city in the year 112 BC. Its territory is 80 km² and it is 100 meters above sea level. Its population is 275,718 according to the statistics of 2013 and has twinning with several cities such as Ramat Gan, Oran, Stuttgart, Vologradia, Dresden, Jeddah, Vilnius, Boston, Bethlehem and Istanbul.
Landmarks of the city of Strasbourg
Strasbourg Cathedral is one of the most famous churches on the European continent and ranked first in the world's tallest building in the 17th century. Today, it is the sixth largest church in the world and has Gothic architecture.
Gutenberg Square: Named after the inventor of the first printing machine Johann Gothenburg and characterized by having a huge statue and the establishment of recreational activities.
The European Parliament: It is distinguished in its circular and modern form and by the representatives of the European Union. It is also the most powerful legislative body in the world.
Wine cellar: discovered the year 1395 m and still today makes wine.
The Jewish Quarter: It is a Jewish neighborhood that incorporates many of the old buildings that are distinguished by its architecture.
St. Paul's Church: Built in the 19th century in Gothic architecture for the reception of German soldiers.
Chocolate Museum: The story of the discovery of cocoa plants and how to make chocolate in many ways.
Other landmarks include the Museum of Contemporary Arts, the Grand Strasbourg Gardens and the Opera House, where several modern and historic opera performances are held.