The Egyptian Arabic Republic
It is located in the northeastern corner of the continent of Africa and has an extension in the continent of Asia, through the Sinai Peninsula borders from the north Mediterranean Sea, and from the East Red Sea, to the east of the Sahara, which separates Egypt and Libya, and Egypt was geographically made up of Egypt and Sudan.
Most of the population density is located around the Nile Valley, while there is no shortage of deserts in the eastern or western areas, although there are residential communities in the oases. The Egyptians are a mixture of different nationalities due to the occupation of Egypt more than once in addition to invasions,
Egyptian history is characterized by jealousy of its foot so much that it is likely that the first human civilization in the world was started in Egypt on the banks of the Nile until the Egyptian learn agriculture and agriculture, unlike other professions need cooperation, which led to the formation of prehistoric civilization, This is because of the lack of knowledge of the human being, and then Egypt moved to the historical times where man knew the scriptures which enabled the contemporary man to study them closely and establish the science of Egyptology related to the arts, architecture and ancient Egyptian language.
This was after the discovery of Champillion to the language after several previous attempts and consists of the historical ages of the era of the old state and the middle and modern times are abandoned by periods of weakness and collapse where Egypt was a non-unified regions such as prehistoric times until the founder of the family and the consolidation of another supporter, The end of the Egyptian history in the late era, where the delay of the military force and other technical, which led to the occupation of Egypt in this period by Libin.
And the Cushin, the Swaddin and Persians until the advent of Alexander and the establishment of the Ptolemaic state (attributed to its founder Ptolemy 1 and took Alexandria as their capital) and then after the Romans and was governed by a state belonging to the Empress unlike the kings of the Ptolemaic who rule in Egypt and during this period spread the Christian religion In Egypt, the era of the Romans ended with the Islamic invasion by Amr ibn al-Aas, after they besieged it for a period and then its rule. Then it was founded in Egypt by the Tulunid state, then by al-Ahshidiya, then Fatimid, and Ayyubid, then by the Mamluks, but after the fall of Egypt in the hands of the Ottomans, By which he followed the emperor Yeh Ottoman, even assumed Muhammad Ali and then Egypt turned into ownership and then to the Republic of
Periods of occupation
The most important of the occupied Egypt in modern times France and England, which stayed in Egypt for a long period
The most important monuments
Egypt has many monuments because of the succession of many events and countries on them are famous for many of the monuments pharaonic, Coptic, Islamic, and even Jewish
The Egyptian Museum of Liberation - Cairo Tower - October War Panorama - Opera House - The Islamic Museum - Coptic Museum
Pyramids and Sphinx area - AbuSir area - the ruins of Dahshur - Abu Rawash - the effects of the Lasht area
Governorate of Minya
Al-Ashmounin, Touna al-Jabal, Tall al-Amarna, Istibl Antar, Bani Hassan, Al-Bahnasa area, as well as many mosques and monasteries
Governor of Luxor
The Valley of the Kings, the Queens, the Monastery of the City, the Temple of the First City, the Ramsium, the Temple of the City of Habu, the Temple of Esna, the Tud and Madamud, and the Museum of Luxor, the Howard Carter Museum and the Mummification Museum
Governor of Aswan
Koum Ombo, Phila, Abu Simbel Phila and the island of plants, as well as the High Dam, Aswan Reservoir, the Fatimid tombs and the Nuba Museum.